By Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen
Over the process a profession spanning greater than fifty years, Finnish architect and clothier Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) designed approximately 100 single-family homes. Aalto, who's additionally recognized for his furnishings and glassware, labored in a special variety that mixed modernism and standard vernacular structure. Authors Jari and Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen (Finnish summer time homes) current twenty-six of Aalto's cutting edge residences—from small summer season houses and postwar standardized housing to massive housing complexes for business commissions—built among the Twenties to the Sixties.
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51 Villa Tammekann Tartu, Estonia 1932–33 Villa Tammekann, located in the old university town of Tartu in Estonia, was the first project Aalto realized outside of Finland. August Tammekann, a professor of geography, had met Aalto in Turku in the early 1930s. 3 During the next few months, the two exchanged many letters to discuss and refine the design. 6 Although the main idea of the building and many details were realized according to Aalto’s plans, some essential changes happened opposite View of the house from the garden 52 along the way.
32 top Detailed sections of the hall bottom First-floor plan opposite top left The symmetrical volume of the Alatalo Manor in the rural landscape opposite top right Garden facade opposite bottom Main entrance facade 33 below View from the hall opposite The sunny garden veranda features window frames typical for Aalto’s 1920s buildings. 34 35 Terho Manner House Töysä, Finland 1923–26 The monumental character of the Terho Manner House is reminiscent of nineteenth-century Finnish manor houses, characterized by their symmetrical compositions and outbuildings flanking the courtyards.
The house’s modern interior elements include a kitchen designed according to the Frankfurt kitchen principles, intended to improve efficiency for the housewife. This part of the house experienced the most changes due to the thickening of the walls. On the second floor were the bedrooms and children’s room. 54 The story of the Villa Tammekann took a dramatic turn with the beginning of World War Two, which led to the occupation of Estonia, among other Baltic States, by the Soviet Union. The Tammekann family fled to Finland in the summer of 1940 and would never return to live in Tartu.