Altruism (Concepts in the Social Sciences) by Niall Scott, Jonathan Seglow

By Niall Scott, Jonathan Seglow

Comprensive exam of study and conception. This publication will saticefy either the pro and well known reader. this isn't pop psychology yet a significant exam of an imporant behavioral inspiration. the pro group may gain advantage drastically from an exam of its empirical and theoretical parts. the final reader, with a style for severe behavioral conception will achieve enormous perception into a big component to human habit. A difficult yet stress-free learn for either sorts of reader.

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Reciprocity The notion of reciprocity is firmly embedded in the common moral consciousness as complaints about welfare ‘scroungers’ and unemployed ‘layabouts’ loudly testify. Like altruism, the idea of reciprocity is based on a fundamental recognition of human beings as social creatures, able to give and to receive benefits. However, while altruism urges us to benefit others, at least when we are responding to their needs, the idea of reciprocity reminds us that, as not everyone is enough of an altruist, those who are at risk of being exploited by the others if their giving is not returned.

Without the logo appearing, the money would not be forthcoming, casting doubt on Kerrypress Ltd – Typeset in XML A Division: chap02 F Sequential 13 JOBNAME: SM − MSEL PAGE: 14 SESS: 11 OUTPUT: Wed Aug 8 12:23:15 2007 SUM: 419AFB13 /production/mcgraw−hill/booksxml/scoseg/chap02 34 Altruism the altruistic motivations of company executives. With the second kind of reciprocity, it would seem to be only fair that if a person has benefited from another’s selfless act of giving, they ought to do something in return, regardless of whether it is expected of them.

The latter are duties where we are blameworthy if we fail to fulfil them, but where agents have choice and discretion in where to direct their energies. My neighbour might Kerrypress Ltd – Typeset in XML A Division: chap02 F Sequential 11 JOBNAME: SM − MSEL PAGE: 12 SESS: 11 OUTPUT: Wed Aug 8 12:23:15 2007 SUM: 3F420A65 /production/mcgraw−hill/booksxml/scoseg/chap02 32 Altruism have an aversion to heavy lifting, but if he gives some free time to helping children to read in our local primary school, he has met his imperfect altruistic duty.

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