Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index by John Middleton

By John Middleton

Offering a entire examine the continent of Africa and the international locations that contain it, this ebook describes its peoples and cultures, tune and paintings, alternate and financial system, vacations and fairs, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its heritage, artwork and structure and lifestyle. It examines Africa from prehistoric instances to the current day.

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Britain did not succeed in stopping the trade immediately—in fact, the number of slaves shipped from western Africa rose during the 1820s and 1830s. In time, however, the combination of enforcement and reduced demand caused the slave trade to decrease significantly. Outlawing the slave trade was only the first step in ending slavery. Great Britain abolished the institution of slavery and freed all slaves in 1834. By the time Brazil ended slavery in 1888, the institution had been outlawed throughout the Western world.

HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT * indigenous native to a certain place * abolitionist person committed to ending slavery Europeans first visited Sierra Leone in 1460 when Portuguese explorer Pedro de Cintra landed on the coast. He named the area Sierra Leone, meaning “Lion Mountains,” because of the beauty of its mountains. At that time the region was thinly settled by indigenous* Mende and Temne people. Contact between local peoples and coastal traders was frequent throughout the period before European rule.

He tried to strengthen the country’s ties to Britain—a move that many Afrikaners opposed. Smuts was defeated in the elections five years later. He won office again in 1939 and brought South Africa into World War II against the wishes of his political opponents. Smuts dedicated his career to achieving a peaceful union of British and Afrikaner settlers in a South Africa governed by European principles. Although he did not believe in sharing power with Africans, he opposed the racist APARTHEID policies introduced by the National Party in 1948.

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