By Sarah Ashwin
Fiscal reform in post-Soviet Russia created not just a devastating decline in dwelling criteria, but in addition common lack of confidence and uncertainty. This booklet is the 1st to examine the location from a gendered point of view, laying off new gentle at the approach within which Russians are dealing with the transformation of the labour marketplace. The publication examines gender adjustments in responses to financial reform, and considers the results of those for the labour marketplace results and wider overall healthiness of fellows and ladies in the course of transition. in accordance with unique learn conducted through an skilled crew of sociologists, the ebook analyses the trips of 240 women and men throughout the turbulent Russian labour industry of 1999-2001. It contains chapters on: *the means gender norms inherited from the Soviet period have motivated responses to transition *sex segregation and discrimination within the labour industry *gender ameliorations in paintings orientations and behavior *who merits from networks *which lifestyles occasions are probably to start up downward monetary trajectories.
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Additional resources for Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market Gender and Employment Strategy (Routledgecurzon History of Russia and Eastern Europe)
1996) ‘Employment of the population of Samara’, in Institute for Comparative Labour Relations Research and Centre for Comparative Labour Studies, The Restructuring of Employment and the Formation of a Labour Market in Russia, Warwick: Centre for Comparative Labour Studies, pp. 228–239. Katz, K. (2001) Gender, Work and Wages in the Soviet Union: A Legacy of Discrimination, Basingstoke: Palgrave. Kay, R. (2000) Russian Women and their Organizations: Gender, Discrimination and Grassroots Women’s Organizations, 1991–96, Basingstoke: Macmillan.
And Braithwaite, J. Redmond (eds) Poverty in Transition Economies, London: Routledge, pp. 228–247. Arabsheibani, R. and Lau, L. (1999) ‘Mind the gap: an analysis of gender wage differences in Russia’, Labour: Review of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations, 13, 4:761–775. Ashwin, S. (1999) Russian Workers: The Anatomy of Patience, Manchester: Manchester University Press. Ashwin, S. and Bowers, E. ) PostSoviet Women: From the Baltic to Central Asia, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.
In general, men’s need to fulfil their perceived obligations as primary earners can be said to act as a stimulus to labour market activism. For example, as Chapter 5 will show, men are more likely to carry out supplementary work on a regular basis than are women. A key reason for this is that performing additional work in order to supplement household income is perceived to be one of the duties of the primary breadwinner. Carrying out The post-Soviet gender order: imperatives and implications 37 supplementary work is also a way, as will be discussed in Chapter 4, of reconciling the need to support a family with the desire to maintain professionalism and status: men with poorly paying jobs providing professional satisfaction or status often use secondary employment as a way of fulfilling their obligations as breadwinners.