A Thing of the Past?: Child Labour in Britain 1800 to the by Michael Lavalette

By Michael Lavalette

In Britain the word, 'child labour' is linked to the prior, with youngsters going up chimneys and down mines. even if, in truth British kids proceed to accomplish onerous jobs, and British multinationals make the most baby employees around the globe. This ebook explores the theoretical context of kid labour study earlier than contemplating the historical past of kid labour and concluding with the current scenario within the united kingdom and united states.

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Such resources could make it relatively simple to provide decent health, educational and welfare systems across the globe, to cure the worst abuses of poverty and inequality, and give child workers across the globe a real choice: to work for decent wages in appropriate conditions, or to exercise the right not to work at all. The ‘New Sociology of Childhood’ 43 NOTES 1 See for example James et al. who claim: ‘children’s work activities are most commonly discussed in terms of child protection, [d]rawing on presociological discourses of childhood’ (1998, p.

Physical punishment of children? A second example comes from the issue of child labour. It is not uncommon for researchers and activists to claim that ‘children should be allowed to work because they want to work’. Certainly there is a growing body of literature which reports children wanting work, but is this enough, on its own, to promote child labour? The issue is surely more complicated. There are a number of factors we could possibly consider. If children state that they ‘want to work’ is this because the experience of work is positive and beneficial or is it because they (and their families) need the income work brings?

Equally they will be among the first to be expelled when the market becomes overstocked. Moorehead (1987) suggests that this is the case. She has claimed that in Glasgow ‘high local unemployment, the fact that small businesses are trying to cut costs and do without part time help and the introduction of … Government … Training Schemes have driven most young people out of work’ (1987, p. 47). Here the essential cause of child labour is not poverty but rapid economic expansion. Following the work of most writers on the NICs and UDCs, therefore, the two explanations of child labour in Britain both stress eco- Theorizing Children at Work 49 nomic factors.

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