A History of International Research Networking: The People by Howard Davies, Beatrice Bressan

By Howard Davies, Beatrice Bressan

The 1st e-book written and edited by means of the folks who built the net, this ebook offers with the heritage of constructing common protocols and a world information move community. the result's THE authoritative resource at the subject, offering an enormous volume of insider wisdom unavailable elsewhere.
regardless of the massive variety of participants, the textual content is uniform standard and point, and of curiosity to each scientist and essential for all community builders in addition to businesses facing the Net.Content:
Chapter 1 Early Days (pages 1–26):
Chapter 2 The position of investment our bodies (pages 27–38):
Chapter three prepared Cooperation (pages 39–72):
Chapter four various ways (pages 73–110):
Chapter five The Interviews (pages 111–134):
Chapter 6 The Bandwidth leap forward (pages 135–161):
Chapter 7 help for functions (pages 163–177):
Chapter eight neighborhood views (pages 179–219):
Chapter nine Transatlantic Connections (pages 221–233):
Chapter 10 a ecu fulfillment (pages 235–258):

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Extra info for A History of International Research Networking: The People who Made it Happen

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25 infrastructure). The European PTTs were still mostly state monopolies. The concept that they should provide their customers with a “one-stop shop” for an international service was a novel one. They were contemplating setting up a joint MDNS (managed data j21 j 1 Early Days 22 network service) venture through the CEPTand at first it was thought that this service might be used to meet the research networks’ requirement. In practice, the MDNS never materialized but an offer was received in October 1988 from the Netherlands PTT Telecom with several other telecom operators in Europe as sub-contractors.

Some convergence process was urgently needed; to support this, in 1977, the ISO (International Standards Organisation) launched a comprehensive standardization j3 j 1 Early Days 4 program to provide OSI, a flexible architecture and a complete family of standards for the main functions that users were then demanding. This programme was carried forward by ISO during the next ten years, in close collaboration with, and later by joining forces with, the CCITT (later reorganized as the current ITU-T, the ITU telecommunication standardization sector) who were responsible for the standardization in the telecoms industry.

29 was already widespread. They indicated that in this environment, interworking of at least terminal services would be possible within Europe. However, other applications would need harmonization. 400 electronic mail seemed to be the most pressing. It was also clear that a lot more information needed to be collected and correlated. For example, there was no data about coverage and availability at a local level. There was also little information about how costs would fall on end users. Informal discussions on the evening of May 14 led to the conclusion that a separate body was needed to act as a European focus and an outline of its mission and initial objectives was put to the final workshop session the following day.

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