A Critical Dictionary of Sociology by Raymond Boudon, Francois Bourricaud

By Raymond Boudon, Francois Bourricaud

Unlike such a lot different sociology or social technological know-how dictionaries, during this translation of the Critical Dictionary of Sociology, taken from the second one French version of the Dictionary and edited through the English sociologist Peter Hamilton, the serious worth of this special paintings is finally made to be had for a much wider audience.

Each access grapples at once with a subject, even if theoretical, epistemological, philosophical, political or empirical, and gives a robust assertion of what the authors give it some thought. The discussions are thought of yet argumentative.  by means of reaffirming non-marxist sort of critique continues to be attainable, Boudon and Bourricaud have provided a particular method of the foremost matters which confront the societies of the 20th and Twenty-First centuries.

For a few this paintings may be a textbook, for others an essential sourcebook of sociological innovations, and for many a manner of establishing our eyes to new dimensions in our knowing of the good principles and theories of sociology.

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On the other hand, aggregation effects—also called composition effects— can result from the application of one aggregation ‘rule’, but also from the mere coincidence of preferences or of individual actions. Several illustrations of the four cases defined above can be given. Criteria such as that of majority or unanimity can aggregate preferences with a rule. Merton’s self-fulfilling prophecy is an aggregation effect which comes from ‘coincidence’ of preferences: anyone who draws out their money because they fear a bank failure contributes in effect to the bank’s bankruptcy.

This is why the ‘cheat’—the one ‘who thinks the others are soft’—will be told off, unless he makes the others ‘fight for themselves’ and start a rush. In any case, the waiting queue is a simple example of aggregation effect or of ‘shape’ in Simmel’s sense. 28 Aggregation The concept of aggregation effect thus describes both a reality and a method. It helps to explain collective structures and phenomena which cannot be interpreted as the direct result of actors’ preferences and which cannot be explained scientifically as being God’s will.

30 Aggregation Action, Dialectic, Elections, Rationality, Reproduction, Social Change, Spencer. , Social choice and individual values, New York, Wiley, London Chapman & Hall, 1951, 1963. , L’évolution individuelle des salaires en France 1970–1975, coll. de l’INSEE, series M, october 1983. , La logique du social. Introduction à l’analyse sociologique, Paris, Hachette, 1979; La place du désordre. Critique des théories du changement social, Paris, PUF, 1984. , The mathematics of collective action, London, Heinemann (Educational Books), 1973.

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