1941: Texas goes to war by James Ward Lee, Carolyn N. Barnes, Kent A. Bowman, Laura

By James Ward Lee, Carolyn N. Barnes, Kent A. Bowman, Laura Crow, Ann Richards

In 1941, while the japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the us stumbled on itself in a complete battle, the folk of Texas rallied to the battle attempt. women and men rushed to hitch the defense force. those that remained behind—men, girls, and children—were infantrymen at the domestic entrance: They rolled bandages, noticed plane, expert for air raids, crammed jobs left vacant by means of carrier males, gathered scrap scrimped and kept and bought by means of with rationed sugar, meat, sneakers, tires, and fuel. Texas grew to become a middle for education and equipping the best battle laptop the area had ever seen.

World warfare II replaced Texas from oil and livestock and cotton to and agribusiness.The know-how that grew out of the war—radar, tv, jet plane, air con for the masses—made a Texas that had no longer been imagined sooner than 1941. And the Texans themselves replaced, as they left the country for remote places and for different elements of the U.S.. They left the rustic for the town to paintings in and so much may by no means go back to the farm other than in retirement years.

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Artillery trainee Beverly Powell's experience in 1936 at Fort Sam Houston provides a classic example of the unpreparedness of the Army during the budget pinch. Ammunition was so scarce that less than one round per officer was available. The ammunition the Army had was old, and many of the rounds were duds. Even worse, any lost ammunition was charged directly to the officers. As America drew closer to war, Roosevelt was elected to an unprecedented third term in 1940 and was backed by a strong Democratic Congress.

Willie Benton Claude Rigsby, Chandler Lt. Col. Julian Phillips The Denton Record-Chronicle The Dallas Morning News Texas State Archives Page 1 Remember Pearl Harbor by Kent Bowman Hickham Field, Oahu, December 7, 1941 (National Archives) In the autumn of 1939, a Houston dealer would sell you a new Hudson for less than $900. In Texarkana, a new Plymouth brought $700 (running boards optional). Dallasites could enjoy a movie matinee in cool comfort for 11¢, and in Wichita Falls the Orchid Shop would sell you a dressy dress for $10.

Japanese relations. Merchants in Texas, however, pressed on toward Christmas. Shaw's Jewelers in Denton had an eye-catching, full-page ad on the 7th. 95. 49. And a Fort Worth auto dealer announced that Buick had produced a car in the $1,000 rangeready for the Christmas market! But then came the 7th of December. For those at home in Texas, it was, at least for a time, a Sunday Page 17 much like any other. For Texans in Hawaii, the sunrise also brought the Rising Sun of Japan. An unprepared Pearl Harbor was smashed!

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